Ferenc Kuhn (Birmingham, AL, USA)


Understanding the pathophysiology of the disease helps preventing the otherwise unavoidable disaster.


Analysis of the literature and the author’s personal experience.

Effectiveness / Safety:

Prophylaxis and/or proper primary intervention yield results that are far superior to even the best secondary treatment.

Take home message:

The surgeon’s task is to immediately recognize that an expulsive choroidal hemorrhage is occurring, and to promptly close the eye.