Endogenous Endophthalmitis in the American and Korean Population: An 8-year Retrospective Study


ABSTRACT

Purpose:

To study the clinical features of endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) in sample patient populations from the USA and South Korea over an 8-year period.

Methods:

We reviewed data from 128 eyes of 60 American and 48 Korean patients diagnosed with EE and compared their clinical characteristics.

Results:

Fungemia and liver abscess were the most common extraocular infection sources among American (26.7%) and Korean patients (33.3%), respectively. Klebsiella pneumoniae and Candida species were the most common pathogens of EE in the Korean and the American patients, respectively. Endophthalmitis caused by fungi had a better visual prognosis than that caused by bacteria (p = 0.001). Vitrectomy was beneficial for eyes with EE due to virulent bacteria presenting with worse than counting finger vision.

Conclusions:

The predisposing conditions and responsible organisms for EE vary in different regions of the world. The visual prognosis was strongly influenced by the underlying pathogen.


CONTACT DETAILS

Heeyoon Cho
Seoul, South Korea
Email : drhycho@gmail.com
Cell Phone: +821030883318
Work Phone: +8224483318