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Surgical Challenges of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy PDR

ABSTRACT Proliferative diabetic retinopathy, as the most complicated stage of diabetic eye disease almost always presents challenge for the surgeon. Despite prevention and current treatment approaches (anti-VEGF and laser photocoagulation) some of the cases progress to most advance stages of diabetic retinopathy which require surgical approach. Purpose of this study is to present the results of combined phaco-vitrectomy surgical procedure...

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Laser Versus Intravitreal Injections: How Do They Drive PVD Progression in Patients with DME?

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine if macular laser therapy slows down the progression of posterior vitreous detachment trough its stages. This effect has not been described yet. Material & Methods: Out of 820 eyes in 433 patients with diabetic macular edema (DME), those with any vitreoretinal pathology which might interfere with the process of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) were excluded from the study. 366 eyes in 211 patients were...

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The Evaluation of Diabetic Retinopathy with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the patients with nonproliferative (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with or without macular edema using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: 40 PDR, 54 NPDR and 20 patients with subretinal fluid (SRF) Type 2 diabetic patients enrolled into study. Best corrected visual acuity, anterior segment and fundus examination were done. Diabetic retinopathy was evaluated with fundus...

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Systemic Risk Factors for Retinal Microvascular Impairment on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Patients Without Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy

ABSTRACT Background: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is an innovative and noninvasive imaging modality that enables visualization of the retinal microvasculature. The present study aimed to utilize OCT-A to determine the systemic risk factors for retinal microvascular impairment in type 2 diabetic patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed, based on the Early Treatment...

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Fractal Dimensional Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Chronic Diabetic Macular

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the effect of sustained-release fluocinolone acetonide (0,2 µg/day FAc) intravitreal implant in the superficial capillary complex, imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME), using the fractal dimension analysis. Methods: A prospective analysis was performed in one eye with a chronic refractory DME treated with FAc intravitreal implant. OCTA...

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The Effect of Age on Aflibercept (Eylea®) Response in Diabetic Macular Edema

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the effect of age on Aflibercept (Eylea®) response in macular edema secondary to treatment naive diabetic eyes. Methods: Two hundred eyes of 200 naive patients with macular edema secondary to Diabetes Mellitus were enrolled in this study. The patients in the study were divided into the following four groups according to their ages: group 1 (40-50 years), group 2 (51-60 years), group 3 (61-70 years), and...

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