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Functional Results of Ectopic Inner Foveal Layers in Patients with Idiopathic Epiretinal Membranes – Surgical Results at 12 Months

Jorge Vasco Costa, Marina Joao, Gil Calvao-Santos, Keissy Sousa, Portugal Introduction: Epiretinal membranes (ERMs) are structures composed of avascular fibrocellular proliferation on the surface of the retina. Idiopathic ERMs, which usually develop after 50 years of age, has a prevalence of 12-20% in patients over 70 years of age. The gold standard treatment of this condition, when symptomatic, is the peel of the membrane through pars...

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Central Serous Retinopathy: Photodynamic Therapy Real-life Results

Central Serous Retinopathy: Photodynamic Therapy Real-life Results ABSTRACT Introduction: Central Serous Retinopathy (CSC) is a multifactorial pathology with a complex and non-totally clear pathogenesis. Most of them are auto limited with spontaneous resolution and a favourable prognosis. In some cases, serous macular detachment can remain or recur with progressive visual acuity loss. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) based on half-dose or...

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