Pathological myopia (PM) is a leading cause of legal blindness in many developed countries, particularly in young people. It is usually defined as an axial length ≥ 26,5 mm and/or a refractive error of at least -6,00 D and characteristic posterior pole abnormalities. The prevalence of the disease shows a wide variation among different ethnic groups, being higher in Asian populations and lower in African and Pacific Island groups. PM is a...

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